Understanding Instructional Design

Wee Ling- Step 2 & 3

on January 19, 2012

Step 2- Select a topic from any subject that interest you.


  • HCI- PACT analysis


  • By the end of the lesson, students will be able to understand the concept of the PACT analysis and use the knowledge learnt to work on their case study.
  • Able to remember and apply the knowledge learnt to the case study.

Target Audience

My target audience for this project is polytechnic students from the range of 17-25 years old. Appropriate use of text and graphics are essential to keep my target audience focus on the e-learning course so that they can learn as much as they can for this module.

Students that are taking this module; Human Computer Interaction are people who had just completed their year one and they are advancing to their second year. This module is completely new to them, but having prior designing knowledge from Visual Design Technology and Multimedia Project 1 the students should have no problem adjusting this module.

The module itself would be interesting as the students will be task to design an iPhone application; for those who own or does not own an iPhone, the interest in learning to design an iPhone application would be high as iPhone is a popular gadget among the age group.

My target audience would benefit in this e-learning course as I am not going to create woody text that current lecture slides are presenting, I will try to create a more interactive and fun way for students to learn this module by graphics that are appropriate for my age group and not too much of cartoon character that are aimed at younger age group.

Needs Assessment

  • Describes general topic for which they wish to develop an instructional program.

I would like to develop on the John Keller’s ARCS model with the use of attention, relevance and confidence as the main point to teach my target audience. I can apply the attention by having the games in the e-learning   course so to increase student’s interest as well as allowing them a         change of pace from the usual lecturing.

  • Describes who the learners are. Includes any relevant learner characteristics.

The learners are students who had just completed their year one and are advancing to their year two. Having completed courses such as Visual    Design Technology and Multimedia Project 1, these students are eager learners who strive to excel in their remaining modules.

  • Describes the instructional need – what learners can’t do that they want them to be able to do.

I strongly believe that my target learners are interested in exploring and learning new things. However the materials that are given to them do not interest them at all. Having the right material and method to present to the learners so as to increase their interest in this module is what I am currently trying to achieve.

  • Describes why they think they need can be addressed by instruction.

Instruction is the basic step to teach learners how to follow and understand it to so that they can accomplish the set of task assign by the teacher.

  • Summary description of the learning need

They need something that attracts them long enough for the subject to be stored in their long term memory and also introducing different variety of activities to increase their interest in the subject

Goal Description and Statement

  • Describes the learners that they want to accomplish their goal.

To be able to understand the concept of PACT analysis and also to be able to apply what they have learn to their case study.

  • Describes what the learners should be able to do.

Able to understand the basic of PACT analysis such as what PACT stands for namely people, activity, context, technologies.

  • Describes the context in which the learners will attempt to accomplish the goal.

Having the right materials delivered to the students to learn and understand.

  • Describes the tools that will be available to the learners.

There are many tools available for the learners to choose from; learners can browse through the internet such as searching the questions that they do not understand on search engine such as Google, MSN or Yahoo. Unconventional tools such as borrowing books from the library can also assist learners in this module.

  • Describes how they would tell that the learners accomplished the goal.

Objectives are set before each module is being introduced to allow learners to understand what the need to accomplish in the module. Simple quiz and games are also available for learners.

Step 3:Produce a storyboard

This will be the Home page of the e-learning course. I have design the layout to look at a blackboard as I felt that the e-learning course is a digital form of teaching students, so by having the blackboard it gives the students a sense of lesson that they should concentrate on. I had image of four persons in different colour as well as the word HCI to show the students that the topic for this e-learning is HCI and the content that I will be covering will be PACT analysis. I gave the meaning of PACT at the bottom to allow the students to have a head start to what they encounter in this course.

Script:  “Welcome to this e-learning course, today’s lesson will be on PACT analysis. Through this course you will be able to learn the concept behind PACT analysis and use what you learn in the case study that will be shown to you at a later of the presentation. Please click the next button at the bottom of the page to continue.”

The students will arrive at this concept page once they click on the next button in the home page. The PACT analysis word is place at the top of the screen as that is the topic that the students are going through. I placed the navigation bar at the left to allow the students to have easier access to the other contents in this e-learning course. I have characterized the navigation bar in a way that it flows accordingly to what I am presenting to the students. If the students already understood the concept of PACT analysis, they can proceed to the case study page to continue from there.

The green portion of the page is where all the information/content of PACT will be placed. I have added two buttons namely the forward and backward button to allow the students to watch the presentation at their own speed.

Script: Here we are at the concept page, as you can see the navigation bar will be at the left of the screen and the content of the page will be in the green box, there is a forward and backward button located at the bottom of the page where you can click next or go back to the previous slide.

I have added a character name Mary for my case study page to allow students to have a character to read out the text for them rather than they read the content. I used an oval shape speech bubble for this page so as to emphasize on the text and also to allow the students to pay more attention.

Script: Mary: Hi my name is Mary; I am from Temasek Polytechnic, please to meet you. Please press the next button at the bottom of the page to see your case study.


My game is actually drag and drop where the students will be shown images from the previous slides that I have gone through and they have to drag the image to the right answer. If they get it wrong, they have to try again until they get it right.

Script: This is a very simple; all you have to do is drag the image on the left to the right answer on the right.

Quiz component is rather simple and straight forward with the question and answer shown for the students to select. If it is correct, the correct statement will show and the students can move on to the next question. There are a total of five questions for the quiz and if they get the answer wrong, they will have to try again until they get it right.

Script: This is the quiz session; please press the next button to proceed to the question.


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